Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Auricular Acupressure Combined with Self-Help Intervention for Treating Chronic Tinnitus: A Longitudinal Observational Study

Version 1 : Received: 23 June 2021 / Approved: 24 June 2021 / Online: 24 June 2021 (15:05:34 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 9 August 2021 / Approved: 9 August 2021 / Online: 9 August 2021 (11:45:41 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Schlee, W.; Simoes, J.; Pryss, R. Auricular Acupressure Combined with Self-Help Intervention for Treating Chronic Tinnitus: A Longitudinal Observational Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4201. Schlee, W.; Simoes, J.; Pryss, R. Auricular Acupressure Combined with Self-Help Intervention for Treating Chronic Tinnitus: A Longitudinal Observational Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4201.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4201
DOI: 10.3390/jcm10184201

Abstract

Tinnitus is a phantom sound perception in the ears or head and can arise from many different medical disorders. Currently, there is no standard treatment for tinnitus that reliably reduces tinnitus. Individual patients reported that acupressure at various points around the ear can help to reduce tinnitus, which was investigated here. With this longitudinal observational study, we report a systematic evaluation of auricular acupressure on 39 tinnitus sufferers, combined with a self-help smartphone app. The participants were asked to report about tinnitus, stress, mood, neck and jaw muscle tensions twice a day using an ecological momentary assessment study design for six weeks. On average, 123.6 questionnaires per person were provided and used for statistical analysis. The treatment responses of the participants were heterogeneous. On average, we ob-served significant negative trends for tinnitus loudness (Cohen’s d effect size: -.861), tinnitus dis-tress (d = -.478), stress (d = -.675), and tensions in the neck muscles (d = -.356). Comparison with a matched control group revealed significant improvements for tinnitus loudness (p = .027) and self-reported stress level (p = .003). The positive results of the observational study motivate fur-ther research including a randomized clinical trial and long-term assessment of the clinical im-provement.

Keywords

tinnitus; acupressure; self-help; ecological momentary assessment; stress

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