Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Unveiling the Intramolecular Ionic Diels-Alder Reactions within the Molecular Electron Density Theory

Version 1 : Received: 23 June 2021 / Approved: 23 June 2021 / Online: 23 June 2021 (11:10:59 CEST)

How to cite: Domingo, L.R.; Ríos-Gutiérrez, M.; Aurell, M.J. Unveiling the Intramolecular Ionic Diels-Alder Reactions within the Molecular Electron Density Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021060568 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0568.v1). Domingo, L.R.; Ríos-Gutiérrez, M.; Aurell, M.J. Unveiling the Intramolecular Ionic Diels-Alder Reactions within the Molecular Electron Density Theory. Preprints 2021, 2021060568 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0568.v1).

Abstract

The intramolecular ionic Diel-Alder (IIDA) reactions of two dieniminiums have been studied within the Molecular Electron Density Theory (MEDT) at the B97XD/6-311G(d,p) computational level. ELF topological analysis of dieniminiums shows that its electronic structure can been seen as the sum of those of butadiene and ethaniminium. The superelectrophilic character of dieniminiums accounts for the high intramolecular global electron density transfer taking place between the diene and iminium frameworks at the transition state structures (TSs) of these IIDA reactions. The activation enthalpy associated to the IIDA reaction of the experimental dieniminium, 8.7 kcal·mol-1, is closer to that of the ionic Diels-Alder (I-DA) reaction between butadiene and ethaniminium, 9.3 kcal·mol-1. However, the activation Gibbs free energy of the IIDA reaction is 12.7 kcal·mol-1 lower than that of the intermolecular I-DA reaction. The strong exergonic character of the IIDA reaction, higher than 17 kcal·mol-1, makes the reaction irreversible. These IIDA reactions present a total re/exo and si/endo diastereoselectivity, which is controlled by the most favourable chair conformation of the tetramethylene chain. Electron localization function (ELF) topological analysis of the single bond formation indicates that these IIDA reactions take place through a non-concerted two-stage one-step mechanism. Finally, ELF and atoms-in-molecules (AIM) topological analyses of the TS associated to inter and intramolecular processes show the great similitude among them.

Subject Areas

intramolecular ionic Diels-Alder reactions; Molecular Electron Density Theory; dieniminiums; superelectrophiles; global electron density transfer

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