Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of Heat Absorption and Collection Based on Solid Structures Collector

Version 1 : Received: 7 June 2021 / Approved: 8 June 2021 / Online: 8 June 2021 (12:06:13 CEST)

How to cite: Liu, Y.; Liu, W.; Gao, Q.; Huang, Y.; Li, P.; Wang, Y. Analysis of Heat Absorption and Collection Based on Solid Structures Collector. Preprints 2021, 2021060217 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0217.v1). Liu, Y.; Liu, W.; Gao, Q.; Huang, Y.; Li, P.; Wang, Y. Analysis of Heat Absorption and Collection Based on Solid Structures Collector. Preprints 2021, 2021060217 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0217.v1).

Abstract

A solid structure, such as a road, building wall or envelop, used as a solar collector is considered an effective and new way to use renewable energy. This paper focused on the temperature characteristics of four structures exposed to sunshine: asphalt, red brick, composite cement and concrete road slab. Furthermore, the collected heat based on a hydraulic system was investigated experimentally. For the four structure slabs, their temperature differences are due to solar radiation absorption varied greatly by the material’s heat absorptance and color. Through the test, asphalt slab attained the highest temperature and had the weakest reflection among the structures. Compared with the others, the temperature of the asphalt slab was greater by 8.1%, 14.9% and 16.4% than the brick, composite cement and concrete, respectively. The reflection intensity growth ratio was defined and indicates the growth potential for absorbing radiation in the solid slab surface. From the experiments, it was concluded that a suitable selection of road materials can greatly improve the thermal absorption, conduction and penetration into the solid slab. The collected heat capability was approximately 250 W/m2 to 350 W/m2 in the natural summer condition. A black coating or a surface modification can collect more heat, reaching greater than 250 W/m2. The solar collecting heat efficiency with a surface configuration of the road slab can reach above 30% in the summer time.

Subject Areas

solar collection; solid structure; heat absorption analysis; collection heat analysis; reflection spectrum

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