Xu, H.; Apel, D.B.; Wang, J.; Wei, C.; Pourrahimian, Y. Investigation of Backfilling Step Effects on Stope Stability. Mining2021, 1, 155-166.
Xu, H.; Apel, D.B.; Wang, J.; Wei, C.; Pourrahimian, Y. Investigation of Backfilling Step Effects on Stope Stability. Mining 2021, 1, 155-166.
Cemented rock fill (CRF) is commonly used in cut-and-fill stoping operation in underground mining. This allows for the maximum recovery of ore. Backfilling can improve stope stability in underground workings, and then improve ground stability of the whole mine site. Backfilling step scenarios vary from site to site. This paper presents the investigation of five different backfilling step scenarios and their impacts on the stability of stopes at four different mining levels. A comprehensive comparison of displacements, major principal stress and stress concentration factor (SCF) was conducted. The results show that different backfilling step scenarios have little influence on the final displacement for displacement in the stopes. Among the five backfilling scenarios, the major principal stress and stress concentration factor (SCF) have almost the same final results. The backfilling scenario SCN-1 is the optimum option among these five backfilling scenarios. It can immediately prevent the increase of the displacement and reduce the sidewall stress concentration, thereby preventing possible failures. Using the same strength of CRF can achieve same effects among the four mining levels. Applying backfilling CRF of the same strength at different mining depths is acceptable and feasible to improve the stability of the stopes.
hard rock mine; cemented rock fill (CRF); backfilling step scenario; major principal stress; stress concentration factor (SCF); displacement
ENGINEERING, Civil Engineering
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