Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Video-Based Communication and its Association with Loneliness, Mental Health and Quality of Life among Older People during the COVID-19 Outbreak

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2021 / Approved: 19 April 2021 / Online: 19 April 2021 (22:23:02 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bonsaksen, T.; Thygesen, H.; Leung, J.; Ruffolo, M.; Schoultz, M.; Price, D.; Østertun Geirdal, A. Video-Based Communication and Its Association with Loneliness, Mental Health and Quality of Life among Older People during the COVID-19 Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6284. Bonsaksen, T.; Thygesen, H.; Leung, J.; Ruffolo, M.; Schoultz, M.; Price, D.; Østertun Geirdal, A. Video-Based Communication and Its Association with Loneliness, Mental Health and Quality of Life among Older People during the COVID-19 Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6284.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6284
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18126284

Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine the use of video-based communication and its association with loneliness, mental health and quality of life in older adults (60-69 years versus 70+ years) during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Norway, UK, USA and Australia during April/May 2020, and 836 participants in the relevant age groups were included in the analysis. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between use of video-based communication tools and loneliness, mental health and quality of life within age groups, while adjusting by sociodemographic variables. Video-based communication tools were found to be more often used among participants aged 60-69 years (60.1%), compared to participants aged 70 or above (51.8%, p < 0.05). Adjusting for all variables, use of video-based communication was associated with less loneliness (β = -0.12, p < 0.01) and higher quality of life (β = 0.14, p < 0.01) among participants aged 60-69 years, while no associations occurred for participants in the oldest age group. The use of video-based communication tools was therefore associated with favorable psychological outcomes among participants in their sixties, but not among participants in the oldest age group. The study results support the notion that age may influence the association between use of video-based communication tools and psychological outcomes amongst older people.

Keywords

coronavirus; cross-national study; pandemic; physical distancing; psychological outcomes; social distancing

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