Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dysphagia Screening Protocol for Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 16 April 2021 / Approved: 19 April 2021 / Online: 19 April 2021 (12:23:23 CEST)

How to cite: Mulyatsih, E.; Glorino Pandin, M. Dysphagia Screening Protocol for Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0476.v1). Mulyatsih, E.; Glorino Pandin, M. Dysphagia Screening Protocol for Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0476.v1).

Abstract

Background: Nearly two-thirds of acute stroke patients have dysphagia. Dysphagia is difficulty to swallow food or liquids. Early detection of dysphagia is crucial in stroke patients as a result of increased morbidity and mortality due to malnutrition and respiratory tract infections. Aim: Our purpose was to conduct a literature review of dysphagia screening for stroke patient. Methods: We used the bolean operator to search articles of “or” and “and” with the key words were "Dysphagia" or “Screening”, AND "Stroke" or Acute Stroke” AND "Nursing". Data based used were Scopus, Proquest and Science Direct with inclusion criteria using full text in English which published from 2019 to 2021. We obtained 240 articles and then we screened by reading the main focus of articles with paying attention to the topics and the suitability of article content.Result: Twenty five publications relating to dysphagia screening met the inclusion criteria. There are five methods of dysphagia screening performed by nurses or other health workers: 1) a simple Questionnaire Test (4QT) method; 2) Water Swallow Test (WST) method; 3) Bed Side Screening Tool for Dysphagia (BSTD) method; 4) Volume Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST) method; 5) EAT-10 method.Conclusion: screening is the first step in the identification of swallowing impairment or dysphagia of stroke patient. Dysphagia is an independent predictor of poor patient outcome and prolonged recovery time. Nurse has an important role to conduct a screening and must ensure that the selected tools has high reliability and concurrent validity. Key Words: Dysphagia, Nursing, Screening, Stroke

Keywords

Dysphagia, Nursing, Screening, Stroke

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