Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Multi-Domain Group-Based Intervention to Promote Physical Activity, Healthy Nutrition, and Psychological Wellbeing in Frail Older People: AMICOPE Development Study

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2021 / Approved: 15 April 2021 / Online: 15 April 2021 (18:22:44 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 12 May 2021 / Approved: 14 May 2021 / Online: 14 May 2021 (09:33:51 CEST)

How to cite: Blancafort Alias, S.; Cuevas-Lara, C.; Martínez-Velilla, N.; Zambom-Ferraresi, F.; Soto, M.E.; Tavassoli, N.; Mathieu, C.; Heras Muxella, E.; Garibaldi, P.; Anglada, M.; Amblàs, J.; Santaeugènia, S.; Contel, J.C.; Domingo Riau, A.; Salvà Casanovas, A. A Multi-Domain Group-Based Intervention to Promote Physical Activity, Healthy Nutrition, and Psychological Wellbeing in Frail Older People: AMICOPE Development Study. Preprints 2021, 2021040427 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0427.v1). Blancafort Alias, S.; Cuevas-Lara, C.; Martínez-Velilla, N.; Zambom-Ferraresi, F.; Soto, M.E.; Tavassoli, N.; Mathieu, C.; Heras Muxella, E.; Garibaldi, P.; Anglada, M.; Amblàs, J.; Santaeugènia, S.; Contel, J.C.; Domingo Riau, A.; Salvà Casanovas, A. A Multi-Domain Group-Based Intervention to Promote Physical Activity, Healthy Nutrition, and Psychological Wellbeing in Frail Older People: AMICOPE Development Study. Preprints 2021, 2021040427 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0427.v1).

Abstract

The World Health Organization has developed the Integrated Care of Older People (ICOPE) strategy, a program based on the measurement of intrinsic capacity (IC) as “the composite of all physical and mental attributes on which an individual can draw”. Multicomponent interventions appear to be the more effective approach to enhance IC and to prevent frailty and dependence, being adapted physical activity is the preventive intervention that has shown more evidence in the treatment of frailty and risk of falls. The present study aims to describe the development of a multi-domain group-based intervention addressed to frail older people living in the community aimed to improve and/or maintain intrinsic capacity by means of promoting physical activity, healthy nutrition, and psychological wellbeing in frail older people. We used the GUIDED checklist to describe the development process of AMICOPE (Aptitude Multi-domain group-based intervention to improve and/or maintain IC in frail Older PEople). The intervention was built upon the ICOPE framework and it is described with Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) guidelines and it includes dietary advice, cognitive stimulation strategies, medication review, goal setting, and activities to strengthen social support and manage depressive symptoms, as well as strength, balance and flexibility exercise using the Vivifrail program. The study represents the first stage of the UK Medical Research Council framework for developing and evaluating a complex intervention. The next step should be carrying out a feasibility study for the AMICOPE intervention, and in a later stage, assessing the effectiveness in a randomized controlled trial.

Keywords

Intrinsic capacity; integrated care; multi-domain intervention; physical exercise; nutrition; psy-chological wellbeing; frailty; complex intervention; intervention development study

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