Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Two-Stage Polynomial and Nonlinear Growth Approach for Modeling the COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico

Version 1 : Received: 13 April 2021 / Approved: 15 April 2021 / Online: 15 April 2021 (07:44:35 CEST)

How to cite: Perez Abreu, R.; Estrada, S.; de-la-Torre-Gutiérrez, H. A Two-Stage Polynomial and Nonlinear Growth Approach for Modeling the COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico. Preprints 2021, 2021040398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0398.v1). Perez Abreu, R.; Estrada, S.; de-la-Torre-Gutiérrez, H. A Two-Stage Polynomial and Nonlinear Growth Approach for Modeling the COVID-19 Outbreak in Mexico. Preprints 2021, 2021040398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0398.v1).

Abstract

Since December 2019, the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide. The Mexican government has implemented public safety measures to minimize the spread of the virus. In this paper, the authors use statistical models in two stages to estimate the total number of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases per day at the state and national level in Mexico. Two types of models are proposed: first, a polynomial model of the growth for the first part of the outbreak until the inflection point of the pandemic curve and then a second nonlinear growth model is used to estimate the middle and the end of the outbreak. Model selection will be performed using Vuong’s test. The proposed models show overall fit similar to predictive models (e.g. time series, and machine learning); however, the interpretation of parameters is less complex for decision-makers and the residuals follow the expected distribution when fitting the models without autocorrelation being an issue.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; epidemic modeling; time series forecasting; nonlinear growth models; Prais-Winsten estimation

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