Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Health Conditions of the Elderly in Nursing Homes and Their Care Needs

Version 1 : Received: 3 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (14:06:36 CEST)

How to cite: Luthfa, I.; Pandin, M.G.R. The Health Conditions of the Elderly in Nursing Homes and Their Care Needs. Preprints 2021, 2021040140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0140.v1). Luthfa, I.; Pandin, M.G.R. The Health Conditions of the Elderly in Nursing Homes and Their Care Needs. Preprints 2021, 2021040140 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0140.v1).

Abstract

Bacground, the increasing number of elderly is a new challenge for health care systems around the world. The phenomenon of the complex health problems experienced by the elderly encourages families to bring the elderly to a nursing home. The purpose of this study was to describe the condition of the elderly living in nursing homes and their care needs. Methodology, this research design is a literature review, article search using 5 databases, namely Scopus, ProQuest, Pubmed, CINAHL and Scient Direct. Articles reviewed from 2019 to 2021. Protocol and evaluation of literature review using the PRISMA checklist, and the assessment guide using the Joanna Briggs Institute Guideline. Results, the health conditions of the elderly who live in the orphanage are mostly aged 60 years and over, physically experiencing disturbances in their daily activities and dependence. Psychologically experiencing anxiety, depression, loneliness and even mental disorders and socially need family support. The care needs of the elderly in nursing homes include services by competent and culturally sensitive staff and nurses, safe and comfortable nursing home environmental services, privacy needs and social interactions, spiritual needs services, social guidance services, and skills guidance services. Conclusion, based on the literature review, it can be seen that nursing services should be provided in a humanistic and holistic manner, the elderly are clients who have both bio-psycho-socio-cultural and spiritual needs. So that nursing services are aimed at meeting the needs of the elderly in a comprehensive manner.

Keywords

Literature Review; Elderly Health Problems; ;Elderly Care; Nursing Homes

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