Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Aerobic Exercise Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Regulating The SIRT3/SOD2/NF-κB Pathway

Version 1 : Received: 31 March 2021 / Approved: 1 April 2021 / Online: 1 April 2021 (13:28:32 CEST)

How to cite: ruan, C.; Yang, Y.; Li, Z. Aerobic Exercise Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Regulating The SIRT3/SOD2/NF-κB Pathway. Preprints 2021, 2021040021 ruan, C.; Yang, Y.; Li, Z. Aerobic Exercise Attenuates Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Regulating The SIRT3/SOD2/NF-κB Pathway. Preprints 2021, 2021040021

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on myocardial injury induced by I/ R in rats by regulating SIRT3/SOD2/NF-κB signaling pathway, and to provide theoretical guidance for clinical treatment of myocardial I/R injury.Methods:SPF Male Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups: Sham operation group(n=10), I/R group(n=10), Aerobic exercise group(n=10)and Aerobic exercise+κ-receptor antagonist group(Pro DTC group,n=10). The left anterior descending coronary artery(LAD) of rats was ligated and re-canalized to establish I/R rat model. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was performed to examine histological morphology in myocardial tissues of each group. The biological analysis was performed to measure cTnI、CK-MB、BNP levels in blood samples of each group. The expression levels of SOD2, TLR4, and p65 in myocardial tissues were measured by immunohistochemical assay. The influence of aerobic exercise on Beclin-1 、LC3II/I、SIRT3, TLR4, and phosphorylated p65 was measured by Western blotting.Results: The result of histological morphology examination revealed that Aerobic exercise group exhibited integrated cardiac myofilament, less inflammatory cell infiltration, as much as significantly decreased cellular edema. Measurement of cTnI、CK-MB、BNP revealed that oxycodone post-treatment reduces the injury of myocardial tissues(P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining results revealed that aerobic exercise clearly decreased the expression of TLR4 and p65, and increased the expression of SOD2(P<0.05). Besides, Western blotting revealed that aerobic exercise down-regulated the expression of Beclin-1 、LC3II/ITLR4 and phosphorylated p65, up-regulated the expression of SIRT3(P<0.05).Conclusions: Aerobic exercise significantly improved myocardial I/R injury. The mechanisms may be associated with activating κ-receptor to regulate SIRT3/SOD2/NF-κB pathway.

Subject Areas

Aerobic exercise; Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion; autophagy; SIRT3; SOD2; NF-κB; Biochemical indicators

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