Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Current Methods of Health Education by Nurses and Its Impact on Hypertension Patients: A Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 30 March 2021 / Approved: 31 March 2021 / Online: 31 March 2021 (21:53:24 CEST)

How to cite: Israfil, I.; Rumambo Pandin, M.G. Current Methods of Health Education by Nurses and Its Impact on Hypertension Patients: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021030791 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0791.v1). Israfil, I.; Rumambo Pandin, M.G. Current Methods of Health Education by Nurses and Its Impact on Hypertension Patients: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021030791 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0791.v1).

Abstract

Hypertension is a chronic non-communicable disease which is one of the main causes of serious cardiovascular disease death in the community. The level of treatment and health control for hypertensive patients is still not optimal due to lack of information. Aim was to identify various current methods of health education by nurses and their impact on hypertensive patients. Method Literature review research. The literature was obtained from the Scopus, Sage and PubMed databases with the keywords "Intervention" OR "Methods" AND "Nursing" AND "Hypertension". There are seven literatures that are determined to meet the requirements of the inclusion criteria. Results found three types of health education methods performed by nurses: 1) direct health education methods; nurses meet and meet face to face with patients in the form of individual teaching or training, 2) indirect health education methods; nurses are not face-to-face but use telephone or mobile communication aids to convey information and send SMS about health, and use internet-based websites to convey health information, 3) combined health education methods; nurses face to face with patients and follow-up care is carried out by indirect health education methods. The impact of health education methods carried out by nurses on hypertensive patients is that the level of patient adherence increases in treatment, increased knowledge levels, better blood pressure control, healthy lifestyle practices, adherence to diet, improved quality of life, and positive nurse-patient feedback occurs. in fulfilling mutually agreed upon treatment appointments. Conclusion health education methods carried out by nurses have a very positive impact on disease management and prevention of risk factors for complications in hypertensive patients.

Keywords

Health Education, Nurse, Hypertension

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Allergology

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