Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

What is the Shape of Geographical Time-Space? A Three Dimensional Model made of Curves and Cones

Version 1 : Received: 22 March 2021 / Approved: 24 March 2021 / Online: 24 March 2021 (14:02:33 CET)

How to cite: L’Hostis, A.; Abdou, F. What is the Shape of Geographical Time-Space? A Three Dimensional Model made of Curves and Cones. Preprints 2021, 2021030594 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0594.v1). L’Hostis, A.; Abdou, F. What is the Shape of Geographical Time-Space? A Three Dimensional Model made of Curves and Cones. Preprints 2021, 2021030594 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0594.v1).

Abstract

We propose a geographical time-space model extending time-space relief cartography introduced by Mathis and L’Hostis [,,,]. The novelty of the model resides in the use of cones to describe the terrestrial surface instead of graph faces, and in the use of curves instead of broken segments for edges. The approach lies a the intersection of two domains involving graphic representation: cartography, and three dimensional computer graphics. We implement the model on the Chinese space. The Chinese geographical time-space of the reference year 2006 is produced by the combination and the confrontation of the fast air transport system and of the 7.5 times slower road transport system. Slower, short range flights are represented as curved lines above the earth surface with longer length than the geodesic, in order to account for a slower speed. The very steep slope of cones expresses the relative difficulty of crossing terrestrial time-space, as well as the comparably extreme efficiency of long-range flights for moving between cities. Finally, the whole image proposes a coherent representation of the geographical time-space where fast city to city transport is combined with slow terrestrial systems that allow to reach any location.

Subject Areas

Geographical Time-Space; Transport; Cartography

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