Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Geomagnetic Induced Current Data Generation and Analysis in Power System Installations

Version 1 : Received: 11 March 2021 / Approved: 12 March 2021 / Online: 12 March 2021 (23:58:40 CET)

How to cite: Ejimofor, C.; Eke, J. Geomagnetic Induced Current Data Generation and Analysis in Power System Installations. Preprints 2021, 2021030357 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0357.v1). Ejimofor, C.; Eke, J. Geomagnetic Induced Current Data Generation and Analysis in Power System Installations. Preprints 2021, 2021030357 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0357.v1).

Abstract

Geomagnetic induced current (GIC) is a ground end manifestation associated with the space weather perturbations that should be greatly taken into account by the society. Although the GICs implication to the power system is not regular, it can cause large scale of system failure. In equatorial, the power system is considered safe since the most intense of geomagnetic storm happened in high latitude. However, the internal damage due to GICs which finally led to the South African power system failure has totally changed the normal perception. Therefore, a preliminary investigation on the GICs activity in equatorial region is performed to understand the space weather impact to the power system. Time derivative of the horizontal magnetic field component (dB/dt) is done to indicate the GICs activity value based on Faraday’s law. All the reported power failures are compiled to produce the threshold value of dB/dt, which possibly cause the harmful effect to the system. Then, dB/dt analysis is extended to show the pattern of GICs activity in function of magnetic latitude and local time. The results reveal that power network in equatorial region has possibly suffered by GIC. Plus, high number of intense GIC activity in this region occurred during dayside.

Subject Areas

Geomagnetic induced current (GIC); Magnetic field component (dB/dt) ; Geomagnetic data (GMD); Corona mass ejections (CMEs); Electric field (E)

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