Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Utilization of Mosque as A Part of Early Warning Systems to Reduce Flood Damage in Samarinda City, Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 5 March 2021 / Approved: 10 March 2021 / Online: 10 March 2021 (13:01:45 CET)

How to cite: Sukmara, R.B.; Wu, R.S. Utilization of Mosque as A Part of Early Warning Systems to Reduce Flood Damage in Samarinda City, Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021030278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0278.v1). Sukmara, R.B.; Wu, R.S. Utilization of Mosque as A Part of Early Warning Systems to Reduce Flood Damage in Samarinda City, Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021030278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0278.v1).

Abstract

Samarinda City is one of the most attractive cities in Borneo Island (Indonesia) and also as a capital city of EastBorneo Province. The expansion of urban areas becomes essential due to rapid population and housing demand. Base on the statistical report, the annual population growth rate is 0.018% from the year 2016-2017 with a total population of 843446 inhabitants. Many natural disasters occur in some areas in this city, especially flooding. This natural disaster occurs almost every year, many people suffered and forced to evacuate. In 2018 there is 3 flood event with 28311 people was suffered and evacuated, and 5170 houses were flooded [1]. During the flood event, it was very possible to gain damages to their property and make traffic stuck. One common way to reducing the damages is using Early Warning Systems (EWS). Early warning is a major element for disaster risk reduction, including damages. To prevent and mitigate the impact of a disaster, many countries had taken action to build various methods of a public warning system. An effective early warning system focused on people-centered and comprises the following element, such as risk knowledge, technical monitoring and service, communication and dissemination of warnings, and community response capability [2]. Related to the existing condition which Samarinda is a Muslim-dominated city and obviously has a lot of a number of mosques. This is a good potency to develop an early warning system because every mosque has a loudspeaker for echoing Adzan (Muslim prayer-calling). With this existing condition, the loudspeaker can be utilized as a flood outdoor-voice warning announcer. The aim of this study is to briefly introduce the strategy of dissemination early warning by utilizing mosques. The hope of early warning dissemination is giving enough time to the people to evacuate their property to reduce damages and possibly to giving information to avoiding traffic stuck (in a certain location)due to flooding. The results of this study can be used as input for decision-makers to develop effective flood management strategies and policies, especially in the case of an early warning system where not well-developed in Samarinda.

Keywords

flooding, early warning, damage, mosque

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