Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Mexican Adolescents with a Diagnosis of Eating Disorders its Relationship with the Body Mass Index

Version 1 : Received: 24 February 2021 / Approved: 26 February 2021 / Online: 26 February 2021 (11:03:03 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ruiz-Ramos, D.; Martínez-Magaña, J.J.; García, A.R.; Juarez-Rojop, I.E.; Gonzalez-Castro, T.B.; Tovilla-Zarate, C.A.; Sarmiento, E.; López-Narvaez, M.L.; Nicolini, H.; Genis-Mendoza, A.D. Psychiatric Comorbidity in Mexican Adolescents with a Diagnosis of Eating Disorders Its Relationship with the Body Mass Index. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3900. Ruiz-Ramos, D.; Martínez-Magaña, J.J.; García, A.R.; Juarez-Rojop, I.E.; Gonzalez-Castro, T.B.; Tovilla-Zarate, C.A.; Sarmiento, E.; López-Narvaez, M.L.; Nicolini, H.; Genis-Mendoza, A.D. Psychiatric Comorbidity in Mexican Adolescents with a Diagnosis of Eating Disorders Its Relationship with the Body Mass Index. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3900.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3900
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18083900

Abstract

(1) Background: The prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders among the patients with mental disorders is higher than general population. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders among a Mexican adolescent sample diagnosed with eating disorders; (2) Methods: Only Mexican adolescents diagnosed with eating disorders were included in the study. The diagnoses were using the DSM-5 criteria. Adolescents with ages between 12 to 17 years were included. The psychiatric comorbidities were evaluated using MINI-kid and QEWP-R. In addition, the z-score values calculated from BMI; (3) Results: The mean age was 14.08±1.7 years old. In our Mexican sample the diagnoses more frequently were bulimia nervosa (55.61%). We found that 89% of the Mexican adolescents with eating disorders had another psychiatric comorbidity. Major depressive disorder (52.40%) and suicide risk (40%) were the most prevalent comorbidity; (4) Conclusions: Our results showed that bulimia nervosa is the most frequently diagnoses in Mexican adolescent and the suicide and major depressive disorder are the principal comorbidities. This emphasizes the importance that clinicians take in-to consideration the presence of psychiatric comorbidities to achieve an integrative treatment for patients with ED.

Subject Areas

Psychiatric comorbidity; Mexican population; Eating disorders

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