Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Update of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): An Essential Brief for Clinicians

Version 1 : Received: 21 February 2021 / Approved: 23 February 2021 / Online: 23 February 2021 (16:00:05 CET)

How to cite: Zare, A.; Sadati-Seyyed-Mahalle, S.F.; Mokhtari, A.; Pakdel, N.; Hamidi, Z.; Almasi-Turk, S.; Baghban, N.; Khoradmehr, A.; Nabipour, I.; Behzadi, M.A.; Tamadon, A. An Update of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): An Essential Brief for Clinicians. Preprints 2021, 2021020530 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0530.v1). Zare, A.; Sadati-Seyyed-Mahalle, S.F.; Mokhtari, A.; Pakdel, N.; Hamidi, Z.; Almasi-Turk, S.; Baghban, N.; Khoradmehr, A.; Nabipour, I.; Behzadi, M.A.; Tamadon, A. An Update of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): An Essential Brief for Clinicians. Preprints 2021, 2021020530 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0530.v1).

Abstract

During 2019, the number of patients suffering from cough, fever and reduction of WBC’s count increased. At the beginning, this mysterious illness was called “fever with unknown origin”. At the present time, the cause of this pneumonia is known as the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The SARS-CoV-2 is one member of great family of coronaviruses. Coronaviruses can cause different kind of illnesses including respiratory, enteric, hepatic, and neurological diseases in animals like cat and bat. Coronaviruses are enveloped positive-stranded RNA viruses. The SARS-CoV-2 has some particular structures for binding to host cells, reproducing itself in cells and damaging human cells. The SARS-CoV-2 can bind angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE‐2) receptors and cause various difficulties for human. The SARS-CoV-2 can cause either not-serious issues like fever and cough or serious concerns such as multi-organ failure. Source(s) of SARS-CoV-2 is under debate. Malayan pangolin and bat are the most suspicious candidate for being sources of the SARS-CoV-2. The SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted by various ways such as transmitting from infected human to healthy human and can make severe pneumonia, which can lead to death. The SARS-CoV-2 can infect different kind of people with different ages, races, and social and economic levels. The SARS‐CoV‐2 infection can cause various sorts of clinical manifestations like cough and fever and intensity of signs and symptoms depends on sufferer conditions. Clinicians use all of available documents and tests like laboratory, histopathological and radiological findings for diagnosing new cases and curing patients with high accuracy. At the present time, there is no particular way for treating SARS-CoV-2 infection; neither antiviral drugs nor palliative agents. It seems that the best way for standing against the SARS-CoV-2 infection is preventing from it by social distancing and vaccination. This review tries to prepare an essential brief update about SARS-CoV-2 infection for clinicians.

Keywords

SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Epidemiolog; Pathophysiology; Clinical manifestations; Vaccines

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Allergology

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