Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Agricultural Economic Production of Philippine Calamansi Industry: A Basis for Production Local Development Plan

Version 1 : Received: 16 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (12:29:09 CET)

How to cite: Quijano, M.F.; Quijano, G.; Diaz, R. Agricultural Economic Production of Philippine Calamansi Industry: A Basis for Production Local Development Plan. Preprints 2021, 2021020388 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0388.v1). Quijano, M.F.; Quijano, G.; Diaz, R. Agricultural Economic Production of Philippine Calamansi Industry: A Basis for Production Local Development Plan. Preprints 2021, 2021020388 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0388.v1).

Abstract

This study examined the economics of Philippine Lime or Calamansi production in selected Cities and Municipalities in Nueva Ecija, Philippines. The study was conducted within the rural farming households' framework, which constitutes the Philippine agricultural sector's backbone, producing about 5.8 percent of the total national agricultural output with the Central Luzon area, including the portion of the locale of the study. Using quota sampling, data collected from 50 selected calamansi grower- farmers from top 5 producing area in Nueva Ecija, the study measured the profitability of and the production efficiency of calamansi production in the area. Using a formal interview schedule, primary data was obtained from the sampled farming households. The study revealed that the typical calamansi farmer in the area as reflected in the instrument, thirty-two (32) or 64% which covers the majority of the respondents claimed that they fully owned the land they cultivated. Calamansi yield depends on its age as well. Fertilizer was found to harm output. Majority of them shared the same production and post–production practices, though a slight difference in terms of labor cost was observed. There were some who were already in the industry for quite a long time and learned other farming techniques and practices different from the conventional and were proven effective. For better efficiency, the land area cultivated, the farmers' educational status, accessibility to credit facility, and development of the rural areas and farmers' contact with the extension agents are some of the key issues to address. The local government in cities and municipalities may engage in an intensive campaign in encouraging capitalists to form cooperatives, processing and manufacturing houses to produce calamansi juice and other valuable products out of the calamansi fruit.

Keywords

production; calamansi; Philippine Lime; development plan; Nueva Ecija; economics

Subject

SOCIAL SCIENCES, Accounting

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