Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of Climate Change and Ongoing Adaptation Measures in the Bangladesh Sundarbans

Version 1 : Received: 14 February 2021 / Approved: 16 February 2021 / Online: 16 February 2021 (13:20:45 CET)

How to cite: Chakma, S.; Paul, A.K.; Rahman, M.A.; Mithun, M.H.; Sunny, A.R. Impact of Climate Change and Ongoing Adaptation Measures in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Preprints 2021, 2021020321 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0321.v1). Chakma, S.; Paul, A.K.; Rahman, M.A.; Mithun, M.H.; Sunny, A.R. Impact of Climate Change and Ongoing Adaptation Measures in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. Preprints 2021, 2021020321 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0321.v1).

Abstract

The climate of Bangladesh has changed drastically which may put considerable adverse impacts on mangrove fishers but very few studies focused on this professional group. An attempt was made to perceive the impact and adaptation measures of the Sundarbans mangrove resource users, employing interviews and focus group discussions. A total of 150 respondents were randomly selected from the Sundarbans west under Shyamnagar Upazila of Satkhira District. It was revealed that the abundance of fishes, fuel woods, honey, golpata (Nypa fruticans), and shrimp post-larvae (PL) was reduced considerably. The resource users have adapted themselves by changing their occupation and becoming jobless and depending on the other family members. PL collection, honey collection, shrimp culture, and wood collection were found professional adapting strategies to adopt cyclone, flood, salinity intrusion, river erosion, and drought. Several recommendations are elicited, the implementation of which is important to ensure livelihood sustainability of the mangrove communities.

Subject Areas

Sundarbans; Fisheries; Natural disasters; Occupational changes; Climate change

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