Mirghasemi, N.; Fanelli, E.; Jamali, S.; Sohani, M.M.; Luca, F.D. Molecular Characterization of Three B-1,4-Endoglucanase Genes in Pratylenchus loosi and Functional Analysis of Pl-eng-2 Gene. Plants2021, 10, 568.
Mirghasemi, N.; Fanelli, E.; Jamali, S.; Sohani, M.M.; Luca, F.D. Molecular Characterization of Three B-1,4-Endoglucanase Genes in Pratylenchus loosi and Functional Analysis of Pl-eng-2 Gene. Plants 2021, 10, 568.
Pratylenchus loosi is an important root-lesion nematode that cause damage to tea plantations in Iran and all over the world. The present study reports on the characterization and evolution of three ß-1,4-engoglucanase genes Pl-eng-2, Pl-eng-3 and Pl-eng-4. The gene structure of Pl-eng-2 was fully determined with the predicted signal peptide and devoid of the linker domain and carbohydrate-binding domain, while Pl-eng-3 and Pl-eng-4 were only partially sequenced. The transcription of Pl-eng-2 was localized in the secretory esophageal glands of all life stages, but it was upregulated in male and females stages. Exon/intron structures of Pl-eng-2, Pl-eng-3 and Pl-eng-4 confirmed that they resulted from gene duplication followed by sequence and gene structure diversification with loss of linker domain and carbohydrate-binding domain during evolution. Phylogenetic analysis further confirmed that nematode endoglucanases resulted from horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial gene as Pl-eng-3 showed sister relationships with CelB cellulase of Bacillus subtilis. Silencing Pl-eng-2 by in vitro RNA interference, produced a 60% decrease of the transcript level. The reproductive ability of silenced P. loosi showed a 35% reduction of eggs and larval stages compared to untreated nematodes suggesting that this gene is involved in the early steps of invasion.
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