Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Study Of Ecosystem Approach in New Towns Development in Botabek Area

Version 1 : Received: 9 February 2021 / Approved: 11 February 2021 / Online: 11 February 2021 (09:46:04 CET)

How to cite: Rahardjo, P.; Suganda, E.; Harono, D.; Arifin, H. Study Of Ecosystem Approach in New Towns Development in Botabek Area. Preprints 2021, 2021020273 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0273.v1). Rahardjo, P.; Suganda, E.; Harono, D.; Arifin, H. Study Of Ecosystem Approach in New Towns Development in Botabek Area. Preprints 2021, 2021020273 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0273.v1).

Abstract

Within the town, Abiotic is a built environment that includes buildings, roads, pedestrians, and other elements that interact with biotics, which are living things including plants, animals, and humans. From a landscape ecological perspective, the urban structure consists of (1) a matrix, which is a collection of dominant buildings and homogeneous elements, (2) Patches are grouped as housing, urban forests, parks, lakes, and finally (3) Corridors such as roads, rivers, and pedestrians. The dominance of watertight areas over green open spaces in urban development can lead to increased temperatures and runoff. The condition of the soil structure and the steep slope of the soil can cause landslides, therefore urban development must pay attention to the natural conditions of the area being built. This research was conducted in Kota Baru, Bogor, South Tangerang, and Cikarang (Bekasi Regency). The purpose of this study is to determine the natural environment and the built environment as well as changes in the ecosystem and their consequences for the new town and its surroundings. This research uses quantitative and qualitative approaches. Analysis of land-use change uses spatial and temporal methods, while Nieuwolt's equation is used to measure comfort. This study finds comfortable environmental planning, with green open spaces such as urban forests, city parks, and bodies of water, such as lakes, as a space for interaction between fellow new city residents and people outside the new towns.

Subject Areas

Landscape Ecology; Lake; River; Urban Ecosystem; Urban Forest

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