Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Spectrum of Camel Evolution and its Impact on Ancient Human Migration

Version 1 : Received: 6 February 2021 / Approved: 8 February 2021 / Online: 8 February 2021 (10:30:58 CET)

How to cite: Sharma, I.; Sharma, J.; Kumar, S.; Singh, H.; Sharma, V.; Rai, N. Spectrum of Camel Evolution and its Impact on Ancient Human Migration. Preprints 2021, 2021020176 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0176.v1). Sharma, I.; Sharma, J.; Kumar, S.; Singh, H.; Sharma, V.; Rai, N. Spectrum of Camel Evolution and its Impact on Ancient Human Migration. Preprints 2021, 2021020176 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0176.v1).

Abstract

The Evolutionary history and domestication of Camels are largely unexplored because of the lack of well dated early archaeological records. However, limited records suggest that domestication of Camels likely happened in the late second millennium BCE. Over the time, camels have helped human for their basic needs like meat, milk, wool, dung to long routes transportation. This multifaceted animal has helped the mankind to connect through continents and in trade majorly through the Silk route. In India, both dromedary and Bactrian camels are found and their habitat is entirely different from each other, dromedaries inhabit in hot deserts and Bactrians are found mostly in cold places (Nubra Valley, Ladakh). Fewer studies on Indian dromedaries have been conducted but no such studies are done on Bactrian camels. It is needed to study the genetics of Bactrian camels to find out their genetic affinity and evolutionary history with other Bactrians found in different parts of the world. Furthermore, parallel studies on humans and Bactrian camel are required to understand the co-evolution and migration pattern of humans during their dispersal in different time periods.

Subject Areas

Bactrian camel; Last Glacial Maximum; Million Years Ago; Human migration

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