Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Granites and Pegmatites of the Collisional and Intra-Plate Magmatism of the Baikal Area: Age, Mineralogical and Geochemical Types and Genesis Peculiarities

Version 1 : Received: 18 January 2021 / Approved: 18 January 2021 / Online: 18 January 2021 (16:14:03 CET)

How to cite: Antipin, V.; Sheptyakova, N.; Kushch, L.; Makrygina, V. Granites and Pegmatites of the Collisional and Intra-Plate Magmatism of the Baikal Area: Age, Mineralogical and Geochemical Types and Genesis Peculiarities. Preprints 2021, 2021010361 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0361.v1). Antipin, V.; Sheptyakova, N.; Kushch, L.; Makrygina, V. Granites and Pegmatites of the Collisional and Intra-Plate Magmatism of the Baikal Area: Age, Mineralogical and Geochemical Types and Genesis Peculiarities. Preprints 2021, 2021010361 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0361.v1).

Abstract

The paper presents new data on mineralogical-geochemical peculiarities of the granites and pegmatites of the Baikal area (Olkhon Region) with implications for the age, generation conditions and geodynamic settings of magmatism. The early Paleozoic granitoids of the Olkhon region are syncollisional formations produced from the gneiss-schistose substratum of the Olkhon metamorphic sequences. Pegmatoid granites and pegmatites of the Region were generated within a wide age range (458-390 Ma) and include different mineralogical and geochemical types. Amongst the Early Paleozoic granitoids, pegmatoid rocks are products of the collisional magmatism evolution and are similar to granites in terms of the mineral composition and distribution patterns of rare and rare earth elements. On the Olkhon island (Baikal lake) the pegmatite of the Tashkiney vein belong to the Be-Nb-Ta mineralogical-geochemical type demonstrating high contents of W, Sn U, Th and very low concentrations of Li and volatile components (F, B). In the Pryolkhonye area, vein pegmatite Iliksin is with Li, Be, Nb, Ta mineralization (lepidolite, vorobyevite, samarskite et al). The studied pegmatite veins are similar both by the profound negative Ba, Sr, Eu, and Zr anomalies. The zircons from the Tashkiney vein (390±5.0 Ma) and of the Iliksin vein (430.1±2.2 Ma, U-Pb isotope LA ICP MS metod) indicate the formation of pegmatite at the late post-collisional stage of magmatism in the Olkhon Region. As regard to mineralogical and geochemical characteristics, vein pegmatites with amazonite (Ainsky and Ulan-Nur) belong to the Li-F type. The tantalum mineralization, represented by microlites and minerals of the columbite-tantalite group is associated with the Ainsky amazonite pegmatite. As opposed to the Early Paleozoic syncollisional granitoids and pegmatoid formations, the middle Paleozoic vein bodies of pegmatites (Tashkiney, Iliksin, Ainsky, Ulan-Nur) are regarded as rare-metal pegmatites. In terms of geochemical characteristics, they are similar to the rare-metal pegmatoid granites and pegmatites of the intra-plate setting widespread in Mongolia and Transbaikalia. The rare-metal mineralization in the Olkhon region may be genetically related to the evolution of Be-Nb-Ta and Li-F types of the post-collisional granites and pegmatites.

Subject Areas

Paleozoic granitoids; pegmatites; age; collisional; intra-plate; magmatism; mineralogical and geochemical types; mineralization; minerals; post-collisinal; amazonite; genesis

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