Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Preschool Children's Social Information Processing Mediates the Link Between the Quality of the Parent-Child Relationship and the Child's Learning Difficulties

Version 1 : Received: 14 January 2021 / Approved: 18 January 2021 / Online: 18 January 2021 (12:04:12 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Arbel, R.; Sofri, I.; Elizarov, E.; Ziv, Y. Preschool Children’s Social Information Processing Mediates the Link between the Quality of the Parent-Child Relationship and the Child’s Learning Difficulties. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1972. Arbel, R.; Sofri, I.; Elizarov, E.; Ziv, Y. Preschool Children’s Social Information Processing Mediates the Link between the Quality of the Parent-Child Relationship and the Child’s Learning Difficulties. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1972.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1972
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18041972

Abstract

Background: This study aims to explore children’s social information processing (SIP) as an ex-planatory mechanism in the link between parent-child relationship and children’s learning diffi-culties; (2) Methods: The sample included 115 kindergarteners (62 girls; 53 boys; Mage = 68.5 months, SD = 6.04), their parents and the school teacher. Parents reported on relationship quality with the child and teachers reported on children’s learning difficulties and school achievements. Children’s SIP was assessed with the social information processing interview – preschool version (3) Results: Mother and father relationship quality with the child associated with children’s SIP, however, only the father's but not the mother's quality of relationship with the child was associ-ated with children’s learning difficulties and school achievements. Children’s SIP mediated this latter link; (4) Conclusions: Parents’ relationship quality with the child and children’s SIP are pertinent factors in children’s learning in the early years. The father-child relationship seem to be a strong determinant of children approach to learning and achievement and may have long last-ing effect on children's mental health

Subject Areas

Social information processing; preschool; learning difficulties; parent-child relationships; fathers

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