Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence of Low Back Pain in a Sample of Primary School Students

Version 1 : Received: 13 January 2021 / Approved: 14 January 2021 / Online: 14 January 2021 (14:03:09 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Miñana-Signes, V.; Monfort-Pañego, M.; Bosh-Bivià, A.H.; Noll, M. Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain). Healthcare 2021, 9, 270. Miñana-Signes, V.; Monfort-Pañego, M.; Bosh-Bivià, A.H.; Noll, M. Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain). Healthcare 2021, 9, 270.

Journal reference: Healthcare 2021, 9, 270
DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9030270

Abstract

It is well known that low back pain (LBP) prevalence is high during the course of school age children’s lives. However, literature concerning the initial onset of back pain between ages of 3 and 11 years remains scarce. The present study aimed to analyze the prevalence of LBP in kindergarten and primary school students. 278 (9.9±2.1 years old; 52.2% girls) students from two public kindergarten and primary schools in Valencia, Spain participated in this cross-sectional study. The Nordic questionnaire on LBP was used to ask questions related to the duration of LBP symptoms over time. The lifetime prevalence of LBP was 47.5% (n = 132), a last year prevalence of 44.2% (n = 123), and a last week prevalence of 18.8% (n = 50) was reported. Boys and girls reached lifetime prevalence of 52.3% (n = 64) and 47.7% (n = 82) (χ2 = 1.978, p = .099), respectively. By age group, lifetime episodes of LBP also showed a higher prevalence with increasing age (χ2 = 32.637; p < .001). In summary, our findings suggest that LBP increases with age. In addition, our results further strengthen the evidence that LBP onset could start as young as 10-years-old.

Keywords

back health; low back pain; prevalence; kindergarten; primary education; children

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