Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Predicting the Current and Future Suitable Habitat Distribution of Swimming Crab (Portunus trituberculatus) using the Species Distribution Model under Climate Change

Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2021 / Approved: 11 January 2021 / Online: 11 January 2021 (12:33:19 CET)

How to cite: Liu, X.; Han, X.; Han, Z. Predicting the Current and Future Suitable Habitat Distribution of Swimming Crab (Portunus trituberculatus) using the Species Distribution Model under Climate Change. Preprints 2021, 2021010189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0189.v1). Liu, X.; Han, X.; Han, Z. Predicting the Current and Future Suitable Habitat Distribution of Swimming Crab (Portunus trituberculatus) using the Species Distribution Model under Climate Change. Preprints 2021, 2021010189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0189.v1).

Abstract

Species have shown their habital variations in responding to climate change, especially during the spring and summer spawning seasons. The species distribution model (SDM) is considered the most favorable tool to study the potential effects of climate change on species distribution. Therefore, we developed the ensemble SDM to predict the changes in species distribution of Portunus trituberculatus among different seasons in 2050 and 2100 under the climate scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The results of SDM indicate that the distribution of this species will move northward and have obviouse seasonal variations. Meanwhile, the suitable habitat for the species will be significantly reduced in summer, with loses rates ranging from 45.23% (RCP4.5) to 88.26% (RCP.8.5) by 2100s. Habitat reduction will mainly occur in the East China Sea and southern part of the Yellow Sea, while there will be a small increase in the northern Bohai Sea. These findings will be important to manage the ecosystem and fishery, provide an information forecast of this species in the future, and maintain species diversity if the seawater temperature rises.

Subject Areas

Portunus trituberculatu; climate change; species distribution model; suitable habitat

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