Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

From Data Processing to Knowledge Processing: Operation with Schemas in Autopoietic Machines

Version 1 : Received: 7 January 2021 / Approved: 8 January 2021 / Online: 8 January 2021 (11:17:14 CET)

How to cite: Burgin, M.; Mikkilineni, R. From Data Processing to Knowledge Processing: Operation with Schemas in Autopoietic Machines. Preprints 2021, 2021010144 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0144.v1). Burgin, M.; Mikkilineni, R. From Data Processing to Knowledge Processing: Operation with Schemas in Autopoietic Machines. Preprints 2021, 2021010144 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0144.v1).

Abstract

Knowledge processing is an important feature of intelligence in general and artificial intelligence in particular. To develop computing systems working with knowledge, it is necessary to elaborate means of working with knowledge representations (as opposed to data) because knowledge is an abstract structure. There are different forms of knowledge representations derived from data. One of the basic forms is called a schema. The goal of this paper is the development of theoretical and practical tools for processing schemas. To achieve this goal, we use schema representations elaborated in the mathematical theory of schemas and use structural machine as a powerful theoretical tool for modeling parallel and concurrent computational processes. We describe the schema of autopoietic machines as physical realizations of structural machines. An autopoietic Machine is a technical system capable of regenerating, reproducing and maintaining itself by production, transformation and destruction of its components and the networks of processes downstream contained in them. We present the theory and practice of designing and implementing autopoietic machines as information processing structures integrating both symbolic computing and neural networks. Autopoietic machines use knowledge structures containing the behavioral evolution of the system and its interactions with the environment to maintain stability by counteracting fluctuations.

Subject Areas

knowledge; information; schema; knowledge processing; automaton; autopoietic machines; structural machines; Turing Machine

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