Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Social Climate and Responsibility as Predictors of Antisocial and Prosocial Behaviors and Violence. a Study Towards the Self-Determination Theory

Version 1 : Received: 29 December 2020 / Approved: 5 January 2021 / Online: 5 January 2021 (11:53:46 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Manzano-Sánchez, D.; Gómez-Mármol, A.; Valero-Valenzuela, A.; Jiménez-Parra, J.F. School Climate and Responsibility as Predictors of Antisocial and Prosocial Behaviors and Violence: A Study towards Self-Determination Theory. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 36. Manzano-Sánchez, D.; Gómez-Mármol, A.; Valero-Valenzuela, A.; Jiménez-Parra, J.F. School Climate and Responsibility as Predictors of Antisocial and Prosocial Behaviors and Violence: A Study towards Self-Determination Theory. Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 36.

Journal reference: Behav. Sci. 2021, 11, 36
DOI: 10.3390/bs11030036

Abstract

The Self-determination theory and The Vallerand's Hierarchical Model has been studied with different types of social factors that can bring different consequences. The purpose of this work was if responsibility and social climate could predict the social and prosocial behaviors and vio-lence. For this, 429 students (M = 11.46, SD = 1.92) participated in this study answering a ques-tionnaire with five variables: school climate, responsibility, motivation, satisfaction of psycholog-ical needs, prosocial and antisocial behaviors and violence. The main results saw that the most part of variables were correlated positive and directly except with antisocial behaviors and vio-lence. On the other hand, prediction model (X2 = 584.145 (98); RMSEA = 0.104 [90% CI = 0.096, 0.112]; TLI = 0.849; CFI = 0.894) showed that responsibility and school climate can predict psy-chological basic needs and these needs, can improve the autonomous motivation and finally have positive consequences improving prosocial behaviors and reducing antisocial behaviors and vio-lence. In conclusion, school climate and responsibility can improve positive consequences to the classroom, specifically, prosocial behaviors and reducing violence and antisocial behaviors.

Subject Areas

psychological basic needs; autonomous motivation; education; school; teenagers; children

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