Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Reduction of Antibiotic Residue in Milk Through the Use of Cost Effective Ethno-Veterinary Practices (Evp) for Cattle Health Management

Version 1 : Received: 31 December 2020 / Approved: 4 January 2021 / Online: 4 January 2021 (13:56:26 CET)

How to cite: Nair, B.M.N.; Natesan, P.; Kumar, S.K. Reduction of Antibiotic Residue in Milk Through the Use of Cost Effective Ethno-Veterinary Practices (Evp) for Cattle Health Management. Preprints 2021, 2021010050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0050.v1). Nair, B.M.N.; Natesan, P.; Kumar, S.K. Reduction of Antibiotic Residue in Milk Through the Use of Cost Effective Ethno-Veterinary Practices (Evp) for Cattle Health Management. Preprints 2021, 2021010050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202101.0050.v1).

Abstract

This study demonstrated that antibiotic residue in milk can be reduced when dairy farmers use Ethno-veterinary Practices (EVP) based on herbal alternatives to prevent and cure common clinical conditions in cattle instead of antibiotics. Of the 220 farmers selected for the study, 140 were trained and motivated to use validated herbal formulations, 80 were kept as control. Milk samples from the selected farmers (except Thirukanurpatti milk society) tested positive for antibiotic residue in the baseline survey. One year after interventions, the milk from 123 (87.86%) farmers out of 140, were without any detectable antibiotic residue, while samples from 11 farmers (7.85%) were low positive for either Beta-lactams or sulphonamides and 6 (4.29%) were positive for Beta lactams and/or sulphonamides. These 17 (11 + 6) farmers had used antibiotics along with herbal formulations. The milk samples from the control groups were positive for beta lactam and sulphonamide. There was suggestive significance of change in knowledge, attitude and practice of EVP among the farmers from Kerala and Tamil Nadu. A progressive reduction in the incidence of mastitis, enteritis, repeat breeding and cowpox were observed from 2016 to 2019 among the cows treated with EVP. Use of herbal alternative also resulted in a significant reduction in health care expenditure of cattle.

Subject Areas

antibiotics residue; antimicrobial resistance; ethno-veterinary practices; Herbal formulations; cattle health; dairy farmers; cost effective health care model

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