Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Control of the American Leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch) in European Vineyards: Impact of Conventional and Natural Insecticides

Version 1 : Received: 30 December 2020 / Approved: 31 December 2020 / Online: 31 December 2020 (12:15:14 CET)

How to cite: Tirello, P.; Enrico, M.; Gherardo, P.; Raniero, D.; Rossetto, F.; Pozzebon, A.; Duso, C. The Control of the American Leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch) in European Vineyards: Impact of Conventional and Natural Insecticides. Preprints 2020, 2020120793 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0793.v1). Tirello, P.; Enrico, M.; Gherardo, P.; Raniero, D.; Rossetto, F.; Pozzebon, A.; Duso, C. The Control of the American Leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata (Fitch) in European Vineyards: Impact of Conventional and Natural Insecticides. Preprints 2020, 2020120793 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0793.v1).

Abstract

The American leafhopper Erasmoneura vulnerata, detected in Europe in early 2000s, has recently become a pest in North-Italian vineyards. Issues were recorded in organic and conventional vine-yards despite the application of insecticides devoted to the control of other pests. Erasmoneura vulnerata completes three generations, and the second generation is frequently associated to large populations. The selection of appropriate active ingredients and the timing of their application is crucial for effective pest control. Field trials were carried out in North-eastern Italy, using a randomized design, to evaluate the impact of insecticides applied against other grapevine leafhoppers on E. vulnerata populations. The beginning of the second generation was selected as best timing for insecticide application. For a number of natural products, two applications were planned. Among the selected insecticides, the most effective were acetamiprid, flupyradifurone and lamb-da-cyhalothrin. Regarding natural products, the most effective was kaolin that could represent an alternative to pyrethrins in organic vineyards. The identification of pest threshold levels and the evaluation of side effects of the most effective insecticides on key natural enemies occurring in vineyards are required

Subject Areas

Erasmoneura vulnerata; Vitis vinifera; insecticides; vineyard management

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