Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Nanoencapsulation of Pomegranate Extract to Increase Stability and Potential Dermatological Protection

Version 1 : Received: 16 December 2020 / Approved: 17 December 2020 / Online: 17 December 2020 (12:05:42 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yepes-Molina, L.; Hernández, J.A.; Carvajal, M. Nanoencapsulation of Pomegranate Extract to Increase Stability and Potential Dermatological Protection. Pharmaceutics 2021, 13, 271. Yepes-Molina, L.; Hernández, J.A.; Carvajal, M. Nanoencapsulation of Pomegranate Extract to Increase Stability and Potential Dermatological Protection. Pharmaceutics 2021, 13, 271.

Journal reference: Pharmaceutics 2021, 13, 271
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics13020271

Abstract

Pomegranate extract (PG-E) has been reported to exert a protective effect in skin due to its antioxidant activity. Ingredients rich in phenolic compounds are unstable in extract solutions and, therefore, the use of a suitable nanosystem to encapsulate this type of extract could be necessary in different biotechnological applications. Thus, we investigated the capacity of Brassica oleracea L. (cauliflower) inflorescence vesicles (CI-vesicles) to encapsulate PG-E and determined the stability and the antioxidant capacity of the system over time. In addition, the protective effect against UV radiation and heavy metals in HaCaT cells was also tested. The CI-vesicles had an entrapment efficiency around 50% and accelerated stability tests did not show significant changes in the parameters tested. The results for the HaCaT cells show the non-cytotoxicity of the CI-vesicles containing PG-E and their protection against heavy metals (lead acetate and mercuric chloride) and UV-B radiation through a reduction of oxidative stress. The reduction of the percentage of deleted mtDNA (mtDNA4977, “common deletion”) in UV-treated HaCaT cells due to the presence of CI-vesicles containing PG-E indicates the mechanism of protection. Therefore, the effects of CI-vesicles loaded with PG-E against oxidative stress support their utilization as natural cosmeceuticals to protect skin health against external damage from environmental pollution and UV radiation.

Subject Areas

pomegranate; antioxidant capacity; membrane vesicles; cauliflower; keratinocytes; oxidative stress; cytotoxicity

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