Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Designing a National Veterinary Prescribing Champion Programme for Welsh Veterinary Practices: The Arwain Vet Cymru Project

Version 1 : Received: 9 December 2020 / Approved: 10 December 2020 / Online: 10 December 2020 (12:49:09 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Rees, G.M.; Bard, A.; Reyher, K.K. Designing a National Veterinary Prescribing Champion Programme for Welsh Veterinary Practices: The Arwain Vet Cymru Project. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 253. Rees, G.M.; Bard, A.; Reyher, K.K. Designing a National Veterinary Prescribing Champion Programme for Welsh Veterinary Practices: The Arwain Vet Cymru Project. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 253.

Journal reference: Antibiotics 2021, 10, 253
DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics10030253

Abstract

Antimicrobial use in agriculture has been identified as an area of focus for reducing overall antimicrobial use and improving stewardship. In this paper, we outline the design of a complex antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) intervention aimed at developing a national Veterinary Prescribing Champion programme for Welsh farm animal veterinary practices. We describe the process by which participants were encouraged to design and deliver bespoke individualised AMS activities at practice level by forging participant ‘champion’ identities and Communities of Practice through participatory and educational online activities. We describe the key phases identified as important when designing this complex intervention, namely (i) involving key collaborators in government and industry to stimulate project engagement; (ii) grounding the design in the literature, the results of stakeholder engagement, expert panel input and veterinary clinician feedback to promote contextual relevance and appropriateness; and (iii) taking a theoretical approach to implementing intervention design to foster critical psychological needs for participant motivation and scheme involvement. With recruitment of over 80% of all farm animal practices in Wales to the programme, we also describe demographic data of the participating Welsh Veterinary Prescribing Champions in order to inform recruitment and design of future AMS programmes.

Keywords

Antimicrobial stewardship; veterinary; complex intervention

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