Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Arable Podzols are A Substantial Carbon Sink under Current and Future Climate: Evidence From a Long-Term Experiment in Vladimir Region, Russia

Version 1 : Received: 7 December 2020 / Approved: 8 December 2020 / Online: 8 December 2020 (17:30:04 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ilichev, I.; Romanenkov, V.; Lukin, S.; Pavlova, V.; Siptits, S.; Krasilnikov, P. Arable Podzols Are a Substantial Carbon Sink under Current and Future Climates: Evidence from a Long-Term Experiment in the Vladimir Region, Russia. Agronomy 2021, 11, 90. Ilichev, I.; Romanenkov, V.; Lukin, S.; Pavlova, V.; Siptits, S.; Krasilnikov, P. Arable Podzols Are a Substantial Carbon Sink under Current and Future Climates: Evidence from a Long-Term Experiment in the Vladimir Region, Russia. Agronomy 2021, 11, 90.

Journal reference: Agronomy 2021, 11, 90
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11010090

Abstract

Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an essential condition for soil health and a potential sink for greenhouse gases. SOC dynamics in a long-term field experiment with mineral and organic fertilization on loamy sand Podzol in Vladimir Region, Russia, was traced with the dynamic carbon model RothC since 1968 until the present time. During this period, C stock increased 21% compared with the initial level in the treatment with the application of manure in an average annual rate of 10 t·ha-1. The model was also used to forecast SOC changes until 2090 for two contrasting RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 climatic scenarios. Until 2090, the steady growth of SOC stocks is expected in all compared treatments for both climate scenarios. This rate of growth was the highest until 2040, decreased in 2040-2070 and increased again in 2070-2090 for RCP4.5. The highest annual gain was within 21-27‰ under RCP4.5 and 16-21‰ in 2020-2040 in 0-20 cm soil layer. The expected accumulation of C allows increasing current C stock 1.6-1.7 times for RCP4.5 and 2.0-2.2 times for RCP8.5 scenario. Modelling demonstrated potentially more favourable conditions for SOC stability in arable Podzols than in Retisols in Central Russia in the 21st century.

Subject Areas

soil organic carbon; soil health; long-term experiments; RothC model; climate change; "4 per 1000" initiative; Podzols

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