Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Gender Differences in Knowledge, Attitude and Preparedness to Respond to COVID-19 among Adult Population in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2020 / Approved: 30 November 2020 / Online: 30 November 2020 (16:12:02 CET)

How to cite: Sultana, M.S.; Khan, A.H.; Islam, M.R.; Hossain, S.; Hasan, M.T.; Kurasaki, M.; Sikder, M.T. Gender Differences in Knowledge, Attitude and Preparedness to Respond to COVID-19 among Adult Population in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020110739 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0739.v1). Sultana, M.S.; Khan, A.H.; Islam, M.R.; Hossain, S.; Hasan, M.T.; Kurasaki, M.; Sikder, M.T. Gender Differences in Knowledge, Attitude and Preparedness to Respond to COVID-19 among Adult Population in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020110739 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0739.v1).

Abstract

Effective pandemic management requires understanding the level of community knowledge, attitude of people and preparedness towards COVID-19. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and preparedness toward COVID-2019 among Bangladeshi general people. A cross sectional survey was conducted from 20th March 2020 to 20th April 2020 among 1007 Bangladeshi adult people. A convenience sampling strategy was utilized and the data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was used to identify the gender differences regarding knowledge, attitude and preparedness towards COVID-19. Respondents predominately used social media to inform themselves about COVID-19 (68.10%) and female used social media more than male (p<0.001). Female had more correct knowledge about staying home with sickness and/or symptoms to contain the COVID-19 transmission (p=.02). While male had more negative attitude about staying out during the pandemic than female (<0.001) and men were less likely to take preventative measures than female counterparts. A number of people were still believing the myths like “COVID-19 can transmit via mosquito” (9.14%) and male had more incorrect knowledge regarding this (p<0.001). Moreover, 17.81% of the respondents thought that COVID-19 can spread in warm weather. Some findings are directing us to a knowledge gap among general population in Bangladesh which calls for uncovering those aspects. Adequate and effective communication are necessary so that general people can stay alert with positive attitude and hygienic practices to fight against this ongoing crisis.

Subject Areas

knowledge; attitude; preparedness; COVID-19; gender; Bangladesh

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