Preprint Concept Paper Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Towards Sustainable Organic Farming Systems

Version 1 : Received: 17 November 2020 / Approved: 18 November 2020 / Online: 18 November 2020 (12:39:42 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: sustainability 2020, 12, 9832
DOI: 10.3390/su12239832


The European Union green deal has proposed the “organic farming action plan” to render this farming system more sustainable for climate mitigation and adaptation and to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDGs). While this policy instrument is fundamental to reach sustainable agriculture, there is still no agreement on what sustainable agriculture is and how to measure it. This opinion paper proposes an ecosystem-based framework on the crop life-cycle to determine the balance between economic, social and environmental pillars of sustainability to support decision-making.


Organic Farming; Sustainable Agriculture; Ecosystem Services; Life Cycle Assessment; EU Green Deal


LIFE SCIENCES, Biochemistry

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