Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Climatic Dynamics and Food Security Implications in Sub-Sahara Africa

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2020 / Approved: 16 November 2020 / Online: 16 November 2020 (12:51:44 CET)

How to cite: Asogwa, I.; Onyegbulam, L.A. Climatic Dynamics and Food Security Implications in Sub-Sahara Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020110419 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0419.v1). Asogwa, I.; Onyegbulam, L.A. Climatic Dynamics and Food Security Implications in Sub-Sahara Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020110419 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0419.v1).

Abstract

To bring to the fore the aim of this research, effects of fluctuating temperature, was measured against food and nutrition security in the region using food production index, and undernourished population growth rate as proxies; controlled over share of arable land, irrigation, population and labour share for agriculture. Dynamic panel of generalized method of moments (GMM) was adopted, the period 2000 to 2016 were considered and 29 countries in sub-Sahara Africa were selected within the empirical framework of global water balance as mentioned by Rai and Singh (2012). Findings from the study reveals that the short run effect of temperature increase in degrees pose at least -3.1% negative and significant impact effects on the food production while the long run elasticity hits -7.5% and the controlled effect on arable land revealed a positive impact on the food production to the tune of 3.9%. Contrarily, arable land expansion reduces the under nourished population by -8.55%. Population increase on the other hand increases undernourished population in the region to the tune of 11.95%. The study therefore recommended expansion in the arable land and encourages population control policy in order to negate the undesired effects of temperature on food and nutritional security.

Subject Areas

Climate; Temperature change; Food security; sub-Sahara Africa

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