Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

MicroRNAs as Epigenetic Modulators of FOLFOX Chemotherapy Response trough Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Colorectal Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 12 November 2020 / Approved: 13 November 2020 / Online: 13 November 2020 (10:47:43 CET)

How to cite: Escalante, P.I.; Quiñones, L.A.; Contreras, H.R. MicroRNAs as Epigenetic Modulators of FOLFOX Chemotherapy Response trough Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Colorectal Cancer. Preprints 2020, 2020110370 Escalante, P.I.; Quiñones, L.A.; Contreras, H.R. MicroRNAs as Epigenetic Modulators of FOLFOX Chemotherapy Response trough Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Colorectal Cancer. Preprints 2020, 2020110370

Abstract

The FOLFOX scheme, based on the association of 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin, is the most frequently indicated chemotherapy scheme for patients diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer. Nevertheless, development of chemoresistance is one of the major challenges associated with this disease. It has been reported that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is implicated in microRNA-driven modulation of tumor cells response to 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin. Besides, from pharmacogenomic research it is known that overexpression of genes encoding dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD), thymidylate synthase (TYMS), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), the DNA repair enzymes ERCC1, ERCC2, and XRCC1, and the phase 2 enzyme GSTP1 impair the response to FOLFOX. It has been observed that EMT is associated with overexpression of DPYD, TYMS, ERCC1, and GSTP1. In this review we investigated the role of miRNAs as EMT promotors in tumor cells, and its potential effect on upregulation of DPYD, TYMS, MTHFR, ERCC1, ERCC2, XRCC1 and GSTP1 expression, which would lead to resistance of CRC tumor cells to 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin. This constitutes a potential mechanism of epigenetic regulation involved in late-onset of acquired resistance in mCRC patients under FOLFOX chemotherapy. Expression of these biomarkers microRNA could serve as tools for personalized medicine, and as potential therapeutic targets in the future.

Subject Areas

microRNA; epithelial-mesenchymal transition; 5-fluorouracil; oxaliplati; FOLFOX; chemoresistance; pharmacogenetics; pharmacoepigenetics; EMT-transcription factors; biomarker.

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