Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Anxiety Related Attention Bias in Four to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study

Version 1 : Received: 9 November 2020 / Approved: 10 November 2020 / Online: 10 November 2020 (14:10:54 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Stuijfzand, S.; Stuijfzand, B.; Reynolds, S.; Dodd, H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 194. Stuijfzand, S.; Stuijfzand, B.; Reynolds, S.; Dodd, H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 194.

Journal reference: Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 194
DOI: 10.3390/bs10120194

Abstract

(1) Background: There is robust evidence of an attention bias-anxiety relationship in children, but lack of appropriate methods has limited the number of studies with children younger than 8 years old. This study used eye-tracking as a measure of overt attention in young children. The aim of this study was to assess anxiety related attention bias in children aged 4 to 8 years. Age was considered as a moderator and the influence of effortful control was investigated. (2) Method: A community sample of 104 children were shown pairs of happy-neutral and angry-neutral faces. Growth curve analyses were used to examine patterns of gaze over time. (3) Results: Analyses revealed moderation by age and anxiety, with distinct patterns of anxiety-related biases seen in different age groups in the angry-neutral face trials. Effortful control did not account for age related effects. (4) Conclusions: Results support a moderation model of the development of anxiety in children.

Keywords

Anxiety; Child; Attention bias; Eye-tracking; Gaze; Development.

Subject

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, Applied Psychology

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