Stuijfzand, S.; Stuijfzand, B.; Reynolds, S.; Dodd, H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behav. Sci.2020, 10, 194.
Stuijfzand, S.; Stuijfzand, B.; Reynolds, S.; Dodd, H. Anxiety-Related Attention Bias in Four- to Eight-Year-Olds: An Eye-Tracking Study. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 194.
(1) Background: There is robust evidence of an attention bias-anxiety relationship in children, but lack of appropriate methods has limited the number of studies with children younger than 8 years old. This study used eye-tracking as a measure of overt attention in young children. The aim of this study was to assess anxiety related attention bias in children aged 4 to 8 years. Age was considered as a moderator and the influence of effortful control was investigated. (2) Method: A community sample of 104 children were shown pairs of happy-neutral and angry-neutral faces. Growth curve analyses were used to examine patterns of gaze over time. (3) Results: Analyses revealed moderation by age and anxiety, with distinct patterns of anxiety-related biases seen in different age groups in the angry-neutral face trials. Effortful control did not account for age related effects. (4) Conclusions: Results support a moderation model of the development of anxiety in children.
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