Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Towards the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Protecting Surface Waters in the Province of North Savo, Finland

Version 1 : Received: 6 November 2020 / Approved: 6 November 2020 / Online: 6 November 2020 (17:19:26 CET)

How to cite: Heinonen-Tanski, H. Towards the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Protecting Surface Waters in the Province of North Savo, Finland. Preprints 2020, 2020110255 Heinonen-Tanski, H. Towards the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Protecting Surface Waters in the Province of North Savo, Finland. Preprints 2020, 2020110255

Abstract

rdinary people and political leaders must know the sources of greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on global climate change before they have ability to make decisions to reduce emissions and increase sinks of these gases. These people must, however, understand where greenhouse gas emissions are formed and how reductions can be made: they must understand where carbon dioxide sinks are and how to preserve or increase these sinks. North Savo is the example used in this work to describe the present emissions and sinks. There are proposals on what should and could be done to reduce greenhouse gas emissions caused by traffic, heating, forests and agriculture. There are possibilities of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in traffic and heating in spite of the fact that the province has a low population density with long distances between homes and workplaces and schools, and a cold climate. We believe that research will also find solutions for reducing greenhouse gases and protecting waters, which are used for recreational purposes and for raw water of drinking water in many places. Luckily forests cover large areas of North Savo and their growth is an important carbon dioxide sink. In addition, forest soils serve as a valuable storage of carbon. Besides carbon dioxide emissions, emissions of nitrous oxide and methane must also be considered since they are more potent greenhouse gases than carbon dioxide and land use can thus influence these gas emissions.

Subject Areas

agricultural soils; carbon dioxide (CO2), energy; forests; methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), nutrient leaching; peat; traffic

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