Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Accessible Statistical Regression, Extrapolation and First-Principles Modelling of Nuclear Data for Spent Nuclear Fuel Composition and Decay Heat Calculations in Short-Term Storage and Recycling

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2020 / Approved: 4 November 2020 / Online: 4 November 2020 (09:57:42 CET)

How to cite: Holdsworth, A.; Sharrad, C.; George, K.; Adams, S. Accessible Statistical Regression, Extrapolation and First-Principles Modelling of Nuclear Data for Spent Nuclear Fuel Composition and Decay Heat Calculations in Short-Term Storage and Recycling. Preprints 2020, 2020110182 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0182.v1). Holdsworth, A.; Sharrad, C.; George, K.; Adams, S. Accessible Statistical Regression, Extrapolation and First-Principles Modelling of Nuclear Data for Spent Nuclear Fuel Composition and Decay Heat Calculations in Short-Term Storage and Recycling. Preprints 2020, 2020110182 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0182.v1).

Abstract

Computational methods are essential to support and advance nuclear technologies due to the hazards of handling and analysing highly radioactive materials such as spent nuclear fuel (SNF). However, many such methods, including those thatcan predict SNF compositions and decay heat parameters, require expensive, proprietary software, alongside significant programming experience and computational power for utilisation, severely limiting availability of data and hampering research throughput. Although some datasets are available, many are incomplete or only cover certain fuel systems for older reactor types. Research investigating new methods for SNF recycling, for example, requires compositional and decay heat data for fuel systems not covered by extant data, though analogous source data may be available. With this in mind, we have developed a simple, accessible, and flexible method for extrapolation of isotopic, elemental, and decayheat compositions for SNF at discharge and following decay storage before recycling, based on an extant dataset. This semi-empirical method uses physical and mathematical first principles and can be performed using software accessible to all researchers. This provides outputs accurate to within 1% of reference values interpolated within the range of available data for isotopic compositions, with sensible extrapolations at higher burnups beyond those reported, withoverall elemental outputs accurate to within 0.1%of expected totals. In this publication, we present the developmental methodology, some sample data, the present limitations, and options for future development and expansion of functionality.

Subject Areas

Spent Nuclear Fuel; Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Spent Fuel Storage; Spent Fuel Reprocessing; Modelling; Decay Heat; Isotopic Composition; Elemental Composition; Statistical Analysis; First Principles

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