Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Important Jamaican Medicinal Plants with Special Reference to their Antiviral Activity

Version 1 : Received: 26 October 2020 / Approved: 28 October 2020 / Online: 28 October 2020 (08:34:07 CET)

How to cite: Lowe, H.; Steele, B.; Bryant, J.; Fouad, E.; Toyang, N.; Ngwa, W. Important Jamaican Medicinal Plants with Special Reference to their Antiviral Activity. Preprints 2020, 2020100569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0569.v1). Lowe, H.; Steele, B.; Bryant, J.; Fouad, E.; Toyang, N.; Ngwa, W. Important Jamaican Medicinal Plants with Special Reference to their Antiviral Activity. Preprints 2020, 2020100569 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0569.v1).

Abstract

Plants have had historical significance in medicine since the beginning of civilization. The oldest medical pharmacopeias of the African, Arabian, and Asian countries solely utilize plants and herbs to treat pain, oral diseases, skin diseases, microbial infections, multiple types of cancers, reproductive disorders among a myriad of other ailments. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 65% of the world population solely utilize botanical preparations as medicine. Due to the abundance of plants, plant-derived medicines are more readily accessible, affordable, convenient, and have safer side-effect profiles than synthetic drugs. Plant-based decoctions have been a significant part of Jamaican traditional folklore medicine. Jamaica is of particular interest because it has approximately 52% of the established medicinal plants that exist on earth. This makes the island particularly welcoming for rigorous scientific research on the medicinal value of plants and the development of phytomedicine thereof. Viral infections like human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2), hepatitis virus B and C, influenza A virus, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) have significant global burden. This is a review of some important Jamaican medicinal plants, with particular reference to their antiviral activity.

Subject Areas

phytomedicine; viral infections; antivirals; phytoantiviral

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