Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Identification, Epidemiology, and Seasonal Variation of Neisseria meningitides in Al-Nasiriya city. South of Iraq.

Version 1 : Received: 25 October 2020 / Approved: 26 October 2020 / Online: 26 October 2020 (14:56:25 CET)

How to cite: Rahman Neamah, S.; Abdullah, Y. Identification, Epidemiology, and Seasonal Variation of Neisseria meningitides in Al-Nasiriya city. South of Iraq.. Preprints 2020, 2020100533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0533.v1). Rahman Neamah, S.; Abdullah, Y. Identification, Epidemiology, and Seasonal Variation of Neisseria meningitides in Al-Nasiriya city. South of Iraq.. Preprints 2020, 2020100533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0533.v1).

Abstract

In order to investigate the incidence of Neisseria meningitides meningitis in AL Nasiriya city, and to evaluate the effects of sociodemographic factors on infection, the current study involved (219) patients suffering from meningitis who attended in AL-Hussein Teaching Hospital in for two consecutive years (beginning of 2015 to the end of 2016). CSF samples are collected from the study population by the technician then transported immediately to the laboratory for the detection of the bacterial pathogens. The results showed that there are 57 (26.02%) patients infected with Neisseria meningitides. Of them 29 (50.87%) cases occurred during 2015 and (28) cases (49.13%) occurred during 2016. Our results also found that Neisseria meningitides meningitis infection was significantly higher in men than in females (P-value =0.046), and in patients from the age group (44-66 years old). Seasonal variation was also seen in the occurrence of meningococcal meningitis infections during the study period. The present study concluded that meningococcal meningitis infections were influenced by sociodemographic factors, the infections appear to be dominant in the long warm seasons of Iraqi weather.

Subject Areas

Meningitis; Sociodemographic factors; Neisseria meningitidis; Seasonality

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