Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Aestipascuomyces dupliciliberatus gen. nov, sp. nov., the First Cultured Representative of the Uncultured SK4 Clade from Aoudad Sheep and Alpaca

Version 1 : Received: 13 October 2020 / Approved: 15 October 2020 / Online: 15 October 2020 (16:25:34 CEST)

How to cite: Stabel, M.; Hanafy, R.; Schweitzer, T.; Greif, M.; Aliyu, H.; Flad, V.; Young, D.; Lebuhn, M.; Elshahed, M.S.; Ochsenreither, K.; Youssef, N.H. Aestipascuomyces dupliciliberatus gen. nov, sp. nov., the First Cultured Representative of the Uncultured SK4 Clade from Aoudad Sheep and Alpaca. Preprints 2020, 2020100333 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0333.v1). Stabel, M.; Hanafy, R.; Schweitzer, T.; Greif, M.; Aliyu, H.; Flad, V.; Young, D.; Lebuhn, M.; Elshahed, M.S.; Ochsenreither, K.; Youssef, N.H. Aestipascuomyces dupliciliberatus gen. nov, sp. nov., the First Cultured Representative of the Uncultured SK4 Clade from Aoudad Sheep and Alpaca. Preprints 2020, 2020100333 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0333.v1).

Abstract

We report on the isolation of the previously uncultured Neocallimastigomycota SK4 lineage by two independent research groups from a wild aoudad sheep rumen sample (Texas, USA) and an alpaca fecal sample (Baden-Württemberg, Germany). Isolates from both locations showed near identical morphological and microscopic features, forming medium-sized white filamentous colonies with a white center of sporangia on agar roll tubes and a heavy biofilm in liquid media. Microscopic analysis revealed monocentric thalli, and spherical polyflagellated zoospores with 7–20 flagella. Zoospore release occurred through an apical pore as well as by sporangial wall rupturing, a duality that is unique amongst described AGF strains. Isolates were capable of growing on a wide range of mono-, oligo-, and polysaccharides substrates. Phylogenetic assessment based on the D1-D2 large rRNA subunit (D1-D2 LSU) and internal transcribed spacer-1 (ITS-1) regions demonstrated high sequence identity (minimum identity of 99.07% and 96.96%, respectively) between all isolates; but low sequence identity (92.4% and 86.7%, respectively) to their closest cultured relatives. D1-D2 LSU phylogenetic trees grouped the isolates as a new monophyletic clade within the Orpinomyces-Neocallimastix-Pecoramyces-Feramyces-Ghazallamyces supragenus group. D1-D2 LSU and ITS-1 sequences from the obtained isolates were either identical, or displayed extremely high sequence similarity to sequences recovered from the same Aoudad sheep sample on which isolation was conducted, as well as several sequences recovered from domestic sheep and few other herbivores. Interestingly, members of the SK4 clade seem to be encountered in animals grazing on summer pasture. We hence propose accommodating these novel isolates in a new genus, Aestipascuomyces (derived from the Latin word for “summer pasture”), and a new species, A. dupliciliberatus. The type strain is Aestipascuomyces dupliciliberatus strain R4.

Subject Areas

Anaerobic gut fungi; sequence-guided isolation; Neocallimastigomycota SK4 lineage

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