Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Acquisition of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Colistin Resistance Genes in French Medical Students on Internships Abroad

Version 1 : Received: 22 September 2020 / Approved: 24 September 2020 / Online: 24 September 2020 (08:05:32 CEST)

How to cite: Dao, T.L.; Hoang, V.T.; Magmoun, A.; Ly, T.D.A.; Baron, S.; Hadjadj, L.; Canard, N.; Drali, T.; Gouriet, F.; Raoult, D.; Parola, P.; Marty, P.; Rolain, J.; Gautret, P. Acquisition of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Colistin Resistance Genes in French Medical Students on Internships Abroad. Preprints 2020, 2020090571 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0571.v1). Dao, T.L.; Hoang, V.T.; Magmoun, A.; Ly, T.D.A.; Baron, S.; Hadjadj, L.; Canard, N.; Drali, T.; Gouriet, F.; Raoult, D.; Parola, P.; Marty, P.; Rolain, J.; Gautret, P. Acquisition of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Colistin Resistance Genes in French Medical Students on Internships Abroad. Preprints 2020, 2020090571 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0571.v1).

Abstract

Background: In France, no previous studies had addressed the acquisition of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria and colistin resistance genes by medical students when undertaking internships abroad. Methods: Nasopharyngeal, rectal, and vaginal swabs samples were collected from 382 French medical students before and after travel to investigate the acquisition of MDR bacteria. The bacterial diversity in the samples was assessed by culture on selective media. We also genetically characterised the isolates of MDR bacteria including Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriacae (CPE) using the real-time polymerase chain reaction method. The samples were collected from 293 students and were investigated for mcr colistin-resistance genes using RT-PCR directly on the samples, followed by conventional PCR and sequencing. Results: A proportion of 29.3% of the participants had acquired ESBL-E and 2.6% had acquired CPE. The most common species and ESBL-E encoding gene were Escherichia coli (98.4%) and blaCTX-M-A (95.3%), respectively. A proportion of 6.8% of the participants had acquired mcr-1 genes, followed by mcr-3 (0.3%) and mcr-8 (0.3%). We found that taking part in humanitarian missions to orphanages, being in contact with children during travel, the primary destination of travel being Vietnam and north India, using antibiotics during travel, and studying in 2017 were associated with the acquisition of ESBL-E. When the primary destination of travel was Vietnam and the year of study was 2018, this was associated with acquisition of colistin resistance genes. Conclusion: Medical students are at a potential risk of acquiring ESBL-E, CPE and colistin resistance genes. A number of risk factors have been identified, which may be used to develop targeted preventive measures.

Subject Areas

medical students; travellers; MDR bacteria; CPE; mcr-1; mcr-8

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