Phospholipases are a family of lipid altering enzymes that can either reduce or increase bioactive lipid levels. Bioactive lipids elicit signaling responses, activate transcription factors, promote g-coupled protein activity, and modulate membrane fluidity that mediate cellular function. Phospholipases and the bioactive lipids they produce are important regulators on immune cell activity, dictating both pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving activity. During atherosclerosis, pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving activities govern atherosclerosis progression and regression respectively. This review will look at the interface of phospholipase activity, immune cell function, and atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis; Phospholipases; Macrophages; T cells; Lipins
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