Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Method for Quantifying Variation in Resistance of Electronic Cigarette Coils

Version 1 : Received: 10 September 2020 / Approved: 13 September 2020 / Online: 13 September 2020 (11:56:34 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Saleh, Q.M.; Hensel, E.C.; Robinson, R.J. Method for Quantifying Variation in the Resistance of Electronic Cigarette Coils. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7779. Saleh, Q.M.; Hensel, E.C.; Robinson, R.J. Method for Quantifying Variation in the Resistance of Electronic Cigarette Coils. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7779.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7779
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17217779

Abstract

In Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS), coil resistance is an important factor in the generation of heat energy used to change e-liquid into vapor. An accurate and unbiased method for testing coil resistance is vital for understanding its effect on emissions and reporting results that are comparable across different types and brands of ENDS and measured in different laboratories. This study proposes a robust, accurate and unbiased method for measuring coil resistance. An apparatus is used which mimics the geometric configuration and assembly of ENDS pods and power control units. The method is demonstrated on two commonly used ENDS devices, the ALTO by Vuse and JUUL. Analysis shows that the proposed method is stable and reliable. The two-wire configuration introduced a positive measurement bias of 0.086 [ohm], which is a significant error for sub-ohm coil designs. The four-wire configuration is far less prone to bias error. We observed a significant difference in coil resistance of 0.593 [ohm] (p<0.001) between the two products tested. The mean resistance and standard deviation of the pod coil assemblies was shown to be 1.031 (0.067) [ohm] for ALTO and 1.624 (0.033) [ohm] for JUUL. The variation in coil resistance between products and within products can have significant impacts on aerosol emissions.

Keywords

coil resistance; ecigarette; electronic nicotine delivery system; pod-style; atomizer

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