Yoon, S.; Yoon, C.; Chun, E.J.; Lee, D. A Patient-Specific 3Dt Coronary Artery Motion Modeling Method Using Hierarchical Deformation with Electrocardiogram+. Sensors2020, 20, 5680.
Yoon, S.; Yoon, C.; Chun, E.J.; Lee, D. A Patient-Specific 3Dt Coronary Artery Motion Modeling Method Using Hierarchical Deformation with Electrocardiogram+. Sensors 2020, 20, 5680.
Cardiovascular-related diseases are one of the leading causes of death worldwide. An understanding of heart movement based on images plays a vital role in assisting the procedure in the postoperative and postoperative processes. In particular, if the shape information can be provided in real-time using the electrocardiogram(ECG) signal using this information, the heart’s movement information can be used for cardiovascular analysis and imaging guides during surgery. In this paper, we propose creating a 3D+t cardiac coronary artery model that is rendered in real-time according to the ECG signal. Hierarchical cage-based deformation modeling is used to generate mesh deformation used during the procedure according to the ECG signal. We match the blood vessel’s lumen obtained from the ECG-gated 3D+t CT angiography taken at the multiple cardiac phases to derive the optimal deformation. Splines for 3D deformation control points were used to continuously represent the obtained deformation at the multi-view according to the ECG signal. To verify the proposed method, we compared the manually segmented lumen and results of the proposed method for eight patients. The average distance and dice coefficient between the two models was 0.543mm and 0.735, respectively. The required time for registration of the 3D coronary artery model is 23.53 seconds/model. rendering speed to derive the model according to the ECG signal after generating the 3D+t model is faster than 120 FPS.
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