Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alpha- and Betacoronaviruses

Version 1 : Received: 1 September 2020 / Approved: 3 September 2020 / Online: 3 September 2020 (04:54:38 CEST)

How to cite: Ghai, R.; Carpenter, A.; Herring, M.; Martin, K.; Gerber, S.; Hall, A.; Liew, A.; Sleeman, J.; VonDobschuetz, S.; Barton Behravesh, C. Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alpha- and Betacoronaviruses. Preprints 2020, 2020090058 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0058.v1). Ghai, R.; Carpenter, A.; Herring, M.; Martin, K.; Gerber, S.; Hall, A.; Liew, A.; Sleeman, J.; VonDobschuetz, S.; Barton Behravesh, C. Animal Reservoirs and Hosts for Emerging Alpha- and Betacoronaviruses. Preprints 2020, 2020090058 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0058.v1).

Abstract

The ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has once again demonstrated the significance of the Coronaviridae family in causing human disease outbreaks. As SARS-CoV-2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical presentation in animals is limited. Given the limited information, data from other coronaviruses may be useful to inform scientific inquiry, risk assessment and decision-making. We review the endemic and emerging alpha- and betacoronavirus infections of wildlife, livestock, and companion animals, and provide information on the receptor usage, known hosts, and clinical signs associated with each host for 15 coronaviruses discovered in people and animals. This information can be used to guide implementation of a One Health approach that involves human health, animal health, environmental, and other relevant partners in developing strategies for preparedness, response, and control to current and future coronavirus disease threats.

Subject Areas

Emerging infectious diseases; coronaviruses; COVID-19; SARS-CoV; SARS-CoV-2; MERS-CoV; zoonotic diseases

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