Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Impact of Social Factors on Job Crafting: A Meta-analysis and Review

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2020 / Approved: 24 August 2020 / Online: 24 August 2020 (09:52:46 CEST)

How to cite: Wang, H.; Li, P.; Chen, S. The Impact of Social Factors on Job Crafting: A Meta-analysis and Review. Preprints 2020, 2020080522 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0522.v1). Wang, H.; Li, P.; Chen, S. The Impact of Social Factors on Job Crafting: A Meta-analysis and Review. Preprints 2020, 2020080522 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0522.v1).

Abstract

Despite the considerable focus on job characteristics and individual differences in job crafting research, the influence of social factors on job crafting has not been well-acknowledged. This meta-analysis estimates the associations between social factors and job crafting, and how social factors contribute to employee outcomes through their job crafting. Based on a sample of 51 empirical studies that included 54 independent effect sizes (N = 17,863), we found that social factors of positive leadership styles (e.g., empowering and transformational) and coworker support were positively related to employee job crafting. Further, our study showed that employee job crafting positively mediate the relationships between social factors and work outcomes (e.g., job performance and well-being). Our study contributes to job crafting literature by integrating social factors into the job crafting model and demonstrating that the social context of work (in particular organizational-insiders) play a crucial role in shaping employees’ job crafting behavior. We also emphasize the critical role that job crafting plays in transmitting valuable social resources into improved work outcomes. Building on our results, we provide future direction for job crafting research and discuss how our results can imply practice in terms of job crafting training.

Subject Areas

job crafting; meta-analysis; leadership; social factors

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