Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluation of the School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene National Strategic Implementation Plan (2012 -2017) in Ukerewe District, North-Western Tanzania

Version 1 : Received: 11 August 2020 / Approved: 18 August 2020 / Online: 18 August 2020 (12:07:32 CEST)

How to cite: Ngimbwa, J.; Basinda, N.; Kapesa, A.; Ngallaba, S. Evaluation of the School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene National Strategic Implementation Plan (2012 -2017) in Ukerewe District, North-Western Tanzania. Preprints 2020, 2020080390 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0390.v1). Ngimbwa, J.; Basinda, N.; Kapesa, A.; Ngallaba, S. Evaluation of the School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene National Strategic Implementation Plan (2012 -2017) in Ukerewe District, North-Western Tanzania. Preprints 2020, 2020080390 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0390.v1).

Abstract

Background: Ongoing Primary and Secondary Education Development Program (PEDP & SEDP) has led to increase in enrollment of children in schools. This created a high demand for facilities such as classroom, chairs, laboratories, latrines and water supply. Water and latrines did not receive equal attention like others. National strategic plan for School Water Sanitation and Hygiene (SWASH) 2012-2017 was to address such challenges with objectives to improve SWASH by 2017. Hence this study aimed to evaluate the implementation of SWASH program in Ukerewe. Methodology: A cross sectional survey was done among 42 schools in the district with 40 schools being government owned. Systematic random sampling was used and data were collected using a structured interview which was pre-tested and amended prior to conducting fieldwork. UNICEF, WASH in Schools Monitoring Package observational check-list was used to assess sanitation facilities. Results: Findings from this study showed the latrine-hole to student ratio was 1:71 with only 31.3% of the latrines being in good clean condition and about half (59.5%) of the schools have no facilities for washing hands. For the schools with hand washing facilities only 21.4% have an effective hand washing practice (presence of soap and water). The most common source of water used was lake water (35.7%) with (42.9%) having water storage facilities. Conclusion: The study shows that most of the objectives of national strategic plan are yet to be implemented at Ukerewe. There is a need for minor repairs to complete new construction of SWASH facilities in Ukerewe.

Subject Areas

school; water; sanitation and hygiene

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