Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Different Responses of Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in River Sediments to Water Transfer and Seasonal Changes

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2020 / Approved: 18 August 2020 / Online: 18 August 2020 (04:36:46 CEST)

How to cite: Lv, J.; Yuan, R.; Wang, S. Different Responses of Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in River Sediments to Water Transfer and Seasonal Changes. Preprints 2020, 2020080373 Lv, J.; Yuan, R.; Wang, S. Different Responses of Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in River Sediments to Water Transfer and Seasonal Changes. Preprints 2020, 2020080373

Abstract

Bacteria and archaea participate in and are influenced by processes of substance circulation and energy exchanges in natural environment. Generally, the community changes of bacteria and archaea in sediment are mainly driven by seasonality in mid-latitude regions. But in our study, water diversion to Fen river played a more important role on OTU number, diversity and community structure of bacteria and archaea in sediment than seasonal variation, which was found by 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing technology. This phenomenon might be caused by external transferred water on the physicochemical water environment and accelerated release of positive nitrogen from sediment caused by rise of water level. Changes of carbon-nitrogen cycle and increase of electrical conductivity (EC) value induced more diversion-responders than season-responders both for bacteria and archaea. Seasonal changes have been influencing bacteria and archaea mildly throughout the whole study reach. After water diversion, the environment indicators relating to bacteria community obviously changed from nutrients to salinity while that for archaea almost disappeared. Our research showed the effects of human activities on the communities of bacteria and archaea outweigh the forcing from natural seasonal changes in mid-latitude regions and revealed the mechanism, highlighting different responses of bacteria and archaea to environmental changes.

Subject Areas

archaea; bacteria; 16SrRNA high-throughput sequencing; water transfer; seasonal changes; river sediments

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